Personal Identification System Across Asia

Every country round the globe has its own thanks to establish their national through National Identity Cards. In Asia, China NIC & Indian Aadhaar Card area unit employed by majority subsequently It’s West Pakistan national positive identification – NIC. during this article we are going to cowl cards employed by totally different Asian nations..

Afghanistan

Afghan voters over the age of eighteen years required to carry a national ID document referred to as Tazkira.

Bahrain

Bahraini voters ought to have every associate degree ID card, referred to as a “smart card”, that is recognized as an official document and should be used among the Gulf Cooperation Council and a passport, that is recognized worldwide.

Bangladesh

Biometric identification has existed in People’s Republic of East Pakistan since 2008. All Bangladeshis World Health Organization ar eighteen years quaint and older ar capsulate during a} very central Biometric data, that’s used by the {bangladesh|Bangladesh|People’s Republic of People’s Republic of East Pakistan|Bangla Desh|East Pakistan|Asian country|Asian nation} committee to manage the electoral procedure in Bangladesh. All Bangladeshis ar issued with associate degree NID Card which could be accustomed acquire a passport, licence, mastercard, and to register land possession.

China

The People’s Republic of China desires each of its voters aged sixteen ANd over to carry associate degree card. the cardboard is that the entirely acceptable legal document to induce employment, a residence enable, licence or passport and to open bank accounts or apply for entry to tertiary education and technical colleges.
Hong Kong
The metropolis card (or HKID) could be a politician identity document issued by the Immigration Department of metropolis to any or all those who hold the right of abode, right to land or different kinds of restricted keep longer than 100 and eighty days in metropolis. in line with Basic Law of metropolis, all permanent residents ar eligible to induce the metropolis Permanent card that states that the holder has the right of abode in metropolis. All persons aged sixteen and on top of should carry a sound legal government identification document publicly. All persons aged sixteen and on top of should be able to turn out valid legal government identification documents once requested by legal authorities, otherwise, they will be control in detention to analyze his or her identity and right to be in Hong Kong.

India

While there’s no necessary positive identification in Asian country, the Aadhaar card, a multi-purpose national positive identification, carrying sixteen personal details and a novel positive identification is obtainable to all or any voters since 2007. the cardboard contains a photograph, full name, date of birth and a novel, indiscriminately generated 12-digit National positive identification. However, the cardboard itself isn’t needed as proof; the amount or a replica of the cardboard being enough. the cardboard includes a SCOSTA QR code embedded on the cardboard, through that all the main points on the cardboard area unit accessible.[26] additionally to Aadhaar, PAN cards, Ration cards, elector Cards and driving licences are used. These is also issued by either the govt of Asian country or the govt of any state, and area unit valid throughout the state.The Indian Passport may additionally be used. Keep it upto date that is called SSUP Update and free at UIDAI.

Indonesia

Residents over seventeen area unit needed to carry a KTP (Kartu Tanda Penduduk) positive identification. the cardboard can identifies whether or not the holder is associate degree Indonesian national or foreign national. In 2011, the Indonesian government started a biennial ID issuing campaign that utilizes smartcard technology and biometric duplication of fingerprint and iris recognition. This card, referred to as the Electronic KTP (e-KTP), can replace the traditional ID (KTP) starting in 2013. By 2013, it’s calculable that roughly 172 million Indonesian nationals can have associate degree e-KTP issued to them.

Iran
Every national of Asian nation has associate degree identification document referred to as Shenasnameh in Persian (شناسنامه). this can be a folder supported the citizen’s credential that options their Shenasnameh National ID number; their birth date; their birthplace; the names, birth dates and National ID numbers of their legal ascendant(s). In different pages of the Shenasnameh, their wedding standing, spouse(s) name(s), names of youngsters, date of each vote solid and eventually their death would be recorded.[27]
Every Iranian permanent resident on top of the age of fifteen should hold a sound National positive identification (Persian:کارت ملی) or a minimum of acquire their distinctive National range from any of the native very important Records branches of the Iranian Ministry of Interior.[28]
In order to use for associate degree NID card, the human should be a minimum of fifteen years previous and have a photograph connected to their credential, that is undertaken by the very important Records branch.
Since midsummer, 2008, NID cards are required for several things in Asian nation and Iranian Missions abroad (e.g., getting a passport, driver’s licence, any banking procedure, etc.)
Iraq
Every Iraqi national should have a National Card (البطاقة الوطنية).
Palestinian Authority
The Palestinian Authority problems Identification card following agreements with Israel since 1995 in accordance to the Oslo Accords, the information is forwarded to Israeli info and confirmed. In Gregorian calendar month 2014, a presidential call issued by Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas to get rid of the faith field was proclaimed.[30] Israel has objected to abolishing faith on Palestinian IDs as a result of it controls their official records, IDs and passports and also the PA doesn’t have the correct to create amendments to the present impact while not the previous approval of Israel, Palestinian Authority in Ramallah said that abolishing religion on the ID has been at the center of negotiations with Israel since 1995. The decision was criticized by Hamas officials in Gaza Strip, saying it is unconstitutional and will not be implemented in Gaza because it undermines the Palestinian cause.
Japan
Japanese citizens are not required to have identification documents with them within the territory of Japan. When necessary, official documents, such as one’s Japanese driver’s license, basic resident registration card,[32] radio operator license,[33] social insurance card, health insurance card or passport are generally used and accepted. On the other hand, mid- to long term foreign residents are required to carry their Zairyū cards,[34] while short term visitors and tourists (those with a Temporary Visitor status sticker in their passport) are required to carry their passports.
Macau
The Macau Resident Identity Card is an official identity document issued by the Identification Department to permanent residents and non-permanent residents.
Malaysia
In Malaysia, the MyKad is the compulsory identity document for Malaysian citizens aged 12 and above. Introduced by the National Registration Department of Malaysia on 5 September 2001 as one of four MSC Malaysia flagship applications[35] and a replacement for the High Quality Identity Card (Kad Pengenalan Bermutu Tinggi), Malaysia became the first country in the world to use an identification card that incorporates both photo identification and fingerprint biometric data on an in-built computer chip embedded in a piece of plastic.
Myanmar
Myanmar citizens are required to obtain a National Registration Card (NRC), while non-citizens are given a Foreign Registration Card (FRC).
Pakistan
In Pakistan, all adult citizens must register for the Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC), with a unique number, at age 18. CNIC serves as an identification document to authenticate an individual’s identity as a citizen of Pakistan.
Earlier on, National Identity Cards (NICs) were issued to citizens of Pakistan. Now government has shifted all its existing records of National Identity Cards (NIC) to the central computerized database managed by NADRA. New CNIC’s are machine readable and have security features such as facial and finger print information. At the end of 2013, Smart national identity cards, SNICs, were also made available.
Philippines
A new Philippines identity card known as the Philippine Identification System (PhilSys) ID card will start to be issued in August 2018 to Filipino citizens and foreign residents aged 18 and above. This national ID card is non-compulsory but should harmonize existing government-initiated identification cards that have been issued – including the Unified Multi-Purpose ID issued to members of the Social Security System, Government Service Insurance System, Philippine Health Insurance Corporation and the Home Development Mutual Fund (Pag-IBIG Fund).
Singapore
In Singapore, every citizen, and permanent resident (PR) must register at the age of 15 for an Identity Card (IC). The card is necessary not only for procedures of state but also in the day-to-day transactions of registering for a mobile phone line, obtaining certain discounts at stores, and logging on to certain websites on the internet. Schools frequently use it to identify students, both on-line and in exams.
South Korea
Every citizen of South Korea over the age 17 is issued an ID card called Jumindeungrokjeung (주민등록증) and required to carry it always. A small fine can be charged if one does not carry it. It has had several changes in its history, the most recent form is a plastic card meeting the ISO 7810 standard. The card has the holder’s photo and a 15 digit ID number calculated from the holder’s birthday and birthplace. A hologram technology is applied for the purpose of hampering forgery. This card has no additional features used to identify the holder except comparing the photo and a holder’s face. Other than this card, the South Korean Government accepts a driver’s license card, a passport and a public officer ID card as an official ID card.
Sri Lanka
The E-National Identity Card (abbreviation: E-NIC) is the identity document in use in Sri Lanka. It is compulsory for all Sri Lankan citizens who are sixteen years of age and older to have a NIC. NICs are issued from the Department for Registration of Persons. The Registration of Persons Act No.32 of 1968 as amended by Act Nos 28 and 37 of 1971 and Act No.11 of 1981 legislates the issuance and usage of NICs.
Sri Lanka is in the process of developing a Smart Card based RFID NIC card which will replace the obsolete ‘laminated type’ cards by storing the holders information on a chip that can be read by banks, offices, etc., thereby reducing the need to have documentation of these data physically by storing in the cloud.
The NIC number is used for unique personal identification, similar to the social security number in the US.
In Sri Lanka, all citizens over the age of 16 need to apply for a National Identity Card (NIC). Each NIC has a unique 10 digit number, in the format 000000000A (where 0 is a digit and A is a letter). The first two digits of the number are your year of birth (e.g.: 93xxxxxxxx for someone born in 1993). The final letter is generally a ‘V’ or ‘X’. An NIC number is required to apply for a passport (over 16), driving license (over 18) and to vote (over 18). In addition, all citizens are required to carry their NIC on them at all times as proof of identity, given the security situation in the country. NICs are not issued to non-citizens, who are still required to carry a form of photo identification (such as a photocopy of their passport or foreign driving license) at all times. At times the Postal ID card may also be used.
Taiwan
The “National Identification Card” (Chinese: 國民身分證) is issued to all nationals of the Republic of China (Official name of Taiwan) aged 14 and older who have household registration in the Taiwan area. The Identification Card is used for virtually all activities that require identity verification within Taiwan such as opening bank accounts, renting apartments, employment applications and voting.
The Identification Card contains the holder’s photo, ID number, Chinese name, and (Minguo calendar) date of birth. The back of the card also contains the person’s registered address where official correspondence is sent, place of birth, and the name of legal ascendant(s) and spouse (if any).
If residents move, they must re-register at a municipal office (Chinese: 戶政事務所).
ROC nationals with household registration in Taiwan are known as “registered nationals”. ROC nationals who do not have household registration in Taiwan (known as “unregistered nationals”) do not qualify for the Identification Card and its associated privileges (e.g., the right to vote and the right of abode in Taiwan), but qualify for the Republic of China passport, which unlike the Identification Card, is not indicative of residency rights in Taiwan. If such “unregistered nationals” are resident in Taiwan, they will hold a Taiwan Area Resident Certificate as an identity document, which is nearly identical to the Alien Resident Certificate issued to foreign nationals/citizens resident in Taiwan.
Thailand
In Thailand, the Thai National ID Card (Thai: บัตรประจำตัวประชาชน; RTGS: bat pracham tua pracha chon) is an official identity document issued only to Thai Nationals. The card proves the holder’s identity for receiving government services and other entitlements.
United Arab Emirates (UAE)
Emirates Identity Authority (EIDA) is a federal authority that is responsible for issuing the National Identity Cards for the citizens (UAE nationals), GCC (Gulf Corporation Council) nationals and residents in the country. All individuals are mandated to apply for the ID card at all ages. For individuals of 15 years and above, fingerprint biometrics (10 fingerprints, palm, and writer) are captured in the registration process. Each person has a unique 15-digit identification number (IDN) that a person holds throughout his/her life.
The Identity Card is a smart card that has a state-of-art technology in the smart cards field with very high security features which make it difficult to duplicate. It is a 144KB Combi Smart Card, where the electronic chip includes personal information, 2 fingerprints, 4-digit pin code, digital signature, and certificates (digital and encryption). Personal photo, IDN, name, date of birth, signature, nationality, and the ID card expiry date are fields visible on the physical card.
In the UAE it is used as an official identification document for all individuals to benefit from services in the government, some of the non-government, and private entities in the UAE. This supports the UAE’s vision of smart government as the ID card is used to securely access e-services in the country. The ID card could also be used by citizens as an official travel document between GCC countries instead of using passports. The implementation of the national ID program in the UAE enhanced security of the individuals by protecting their identities and preventing identity theft.
Vietnam
In Vietnam, all citizens above 14 years old must possess a People’s Identity Card provided by the local authority.

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